Probarbus jullieni – the Jullien’s golden carp
Probarbus jullieni, the Jullien’s golden carp, is one of the three barb species of the genus Probarbus in the family Cyprinidae native to Southeast Asia. The other Probarbus species are Probarbus labeamajor T. R. Roberts, 1992 (Thicklip barb)
Probarbus labeaminor (Thinlip barb).
In English, P. jullieni is commonly known as Jullien’s golden carp or seven-striped barb. P. jullieni is a big carp species, and its maximum total length is approximately 165 cm and its maximum weight is approximately 70 kg. P. jullieni has about 6-7 black stripes on its body.
- Family: Cyprinidae
- Genus: Probarbus
- Species: Probarbus jullieni
- English names: Jullien’s golden carp, seven-striped bard
- Vietnamese name: cá trà sóc, cá sọc dưa, cá chài sóc
In Vietnam, the Jullien’s barb is a rare and precious fish that occurs a lot in the headwaters of the Tiền River and Vàm Nao confluence (An Giang province). Its meat is delicious, of high economic value, but has been almost extinced in the wild. Iin Vietnamese, it’s called cá trà sóc.
The Jullien’s golden carp is a rare and endangered species in the lower Mekong River and in need of protection. It is listed in the Vietnam’s Red List or Vietnam’s Red Book (in 1992 and 2000) and the IUCN Red List in 1994.
The Vetnam’s National Breeding Center for Southern Marine Aquaculture (located in Cái Bè district, Tiền Giang Province) succeeded in artificial Fertilization of the Jullien’s golden carp in 2014. And the fish is farmed commercially in recent years.
The Jullien’s golden carp is highly-prized bu the Vietnamese, and its meat can be sold at very high prices. Common cooking methods are just like carps: steaming, grilling, and cooking in a hotpot.